Lithium-ion-battery|cylindrical li-ion battery
Lithium ion battery(Also named Li-ion battery) is very important rechargeable battery with high capacity,low self discharge rate,long cycle life as a green energy,widely used for many portable devices.
Lithium ion battery(Li-ion battery) advantages:
1-High energy density
3-Low self discharge
4-No memory effect
6-Long cycle life
What is lithium ion battery?
Lithium ion battery (Li-ion battery)is a rechargeable lithium battery that uses the Lithium alloy oxide for anode, graphite for cathode. Lithium battery application originated from pace maker, because of low self discharge rate and smooth discharge, its very suitable to be embedded into human body without frequent changing. in 1992,Sony developed the first commercial lithium ion battery, this brought revolutionary changes to portable electronics, such as the mobile phones, laptops, became smaller and lighter with the new type battery.
How do they work?
The electrons get embedded into the cathode grooves when charging, when discharging, they gets out from cathode and go to anode grooves, a come and back, its a cycle.
Chemical reaction on anode when charging:
Reaction on cathode when charging
6C+XLi++Xe- = LixC6
Reaction on cathode when discharging：
LixC6 → xLi+ + xe- + 6C
Lithium ion battery major parameters:
Open circuit voltage: LiCoO2 and LiMn2O4 material type are 3.7v, NiCoMn material is 3.6V
Capacity: Padre can produce 1mAh to 50Ah single cells, it can be higher by parallels.
Charging cut off voltage: 4.2V±0.05v
Discharge cut off voltage: 2.75(some IC set it higher 3.0V)v±0.05v
Charge temperature: 0~45℃
Discharge temperature: -20~60℃
Work humidity: less than 85%
Storage temperature: -20℃~40℃
Storage humidity:less than 85%
Continuous discharge current: recommend 0.2C
Max continuous discharge current: 1C
Peak discharge current: 2C
Charge current: recommend 0.5C
Max charge current: 1C
Padre Lithium ion battery cells models:
Lithium ion battery advantages:
1-High energy density. it’s energy density reaches 600Wh/kg, almost 7 times of lead acid battery.
2-Long cycle life. For example, normal mobile phone battery is lithium ion battery, they can have 500 times cycle life, generally 3 years with 100%DOD.
3- High voltage. 3.7V is about 3 times higher than NiCd and NiMh battery voltage.
4-High Power. with special design, it can have high rate discharge rate as 50C.
5-Low self discharge rate. its one if the most obvious features of lithium ion battery, generally speaking it can be as low as 1% per month, less than 1/20 of NiMh battery.
6- Light weight. With the same size, its weight can be only 1/6 of lead acid battery.
7- Environmental friendly. In production, using, and recycle procedure, no harmful metals such as lead, Cd, which poisons the earth ground and water.
Lithium ion battery can be used for many products.
Digital electronics, mobile phones, digital cameras, laptops, panel pc, mp3,mp4, game player,cordless phone,video glass.
Transport system, GPS device, bicycle lighting, ebike, electric solo wheer bicycle.
Military mobile power
Industry portable test devices and tools
Previous: Lithium polymer battery cells list(Li-polymer/pouch cells)
Next: 3.7V 4400mAh li-ion battery pack